Neural integration of movement: role of motor cortex in reaching.

The study of the motor cortex in behaving monkeys during the past 20 years has provided important information on the brain mechanisms underlying motor control. With respect to reaching movement in space, a key role of motor cortex in specifying the direction of reaching has been proposed on the basis of results from studies of the activity of cells and cell populations during reaching. These results and ideas are reviewed and discussed in the context of recent findings concerning the spinal mechanisms underlying reaching movements.