A Neural Network for Coding of Trajectories by Time Series of Neuronal Population Vectors
The neuronal population vector is a measure of the combined directional tendency of the ensemble of directionally tuned cells in the motor cortex. It has been found experimentally that a trajectory of limb movement can be predicted by adding together population vectors, tip-to-tail, calculated for successive instants of time to construct a neural trajectory. In the present paper we consider a model of the dynamic evolution of the population vector. The simulated annealing algorithm was used to adjust the connection strengths of a feedback neural network so that it would generate a given trajectory by a sequence of population vectors. This was repeated for different trajectories. Resulting sets of connection strengths reveal a common feature regardless of the type of trajectories generated by the network: namely, the mean connection strength was negatively correlated with the angle between the preferred directions of neuronal pair involved in the connection. The results are discussed in the light of recent experimental findings concerning neuronal connectivity within the motor cortex.