Neurostatistics: applications, challenges and expectations
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imagingand
Magnetoencephalographyin human subjects, all performing the same tasks. These methods provide partially overlapping perspectives, resulting in a gain in knowledge beyond the province of the individual method. A common aspect in this endeavor is the statistical analysis of the data acquired by different methods, especially regarding the encoding of information in unitary elements (single cell activity in neurophysiology, blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) activation of voxels in
fMRI, magnetic field strength in
MEG) and the decoding of information from ensembles. In this paper we illustrate the various approaches, their data analysis and possible applications to medicine in the context of operations in space.