Robust movement direction decoders from local field potentials using spatio-temporal qualitative patterns

2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society - 2012-08-28Tadipatri VA, Tewfik AH, Ashe J, Pellizzer G10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346997
A major drawback of using Local Field Potentials (LFP) for Brain Computer Interface (BCI) is their inherent instability and non-stationarity. Specifically, even when a well-trained subject performs the same task over a period of time, the neural data observed are unstable. To overcome this problem in decoding movement direction, this paper proposes the use of qualitative information in the form of spatial patterns of inter-channel ranking of multi-channel LFP recordings. The quality of the decoding was further refined by concentrating on the statistical distributions of the top powered channels. Decoding of movement direction was performed using Support Vector Machines (SVM) to construct decoders, instead of the traditional spatial patterns. Our algorithm provides a decoding power of up to 74% on average over a period of two weeks, compared with the state-of-the-art methods in the literature that yield only 33%. Furthermore, it provides 62.5% direction decoding in novel motor environments, compared with 29.5% with conventional methods. Finally, a comparison with the traditional methods and other surveyed literature is presented.