Departure from Network Equilibrium (DNE): an efficient and scalable measure of instantaneous network dynamics, with an application to magnetoencephalography
The assessment of the dynamic status of a network is currently unavailable. It is important to know how far a network is away from its equilibrium (as an indicator of instability) at a moment, and over periods of time. Here, we introduce the Departure from Network Equilibrium (DNE), a new measure of instantaneous network dynamics. DNE is simple, fast to compute, and scalable with network size. We present the results of its application on white noise networks (as a basis) and on networks derived from magnetoencephalographic recordings from the human brain.