Researchers pinpoint reductions in brain volume of ill Gulf War Vets
permalinkMike Richman, VA Research Communications - 2017-07-20The
Brain Sciences Centerat the Minneapolis VA Health Care System has evolved into one of the leading facilities in the country for researching
Brain Sciences Center (BSC)A research group in collaboration with the Minnesota American Legion, Minneapolis VA Medical Center, and the University of Minnesota.
Gulf War Illness, a condition that is of major concern to the Veteran community.Researchers at the center have made what they believe to be key breakthroughs with
Gulf War Illness (GWI)Shortly after the Gulf War (1990^aEUR"91), veterans started to report a variety of health problems that began during, or soon after returning from, deployment, prompting investigation into the epidemiology and etiology of the complaints. Those investigations revealed that diffuse symptoms such as fatigue, musculoskeletal pain, mood and neurocognitive complaints, gastrointestinal problems, and rashes were most commonly reported. The constellation of symptoms, now commonly referred to as Gulf War Illness (GWI), has affected a substantial number of Gulf War veterans. Several population-based studies have demonstrated that these symptoms occur at significantly higher rates in deployed Gulf War veterans relative to their nondeployed peers and other veterans, raising the issue about possible in-theater exposures and stress as contributing factors. However, these symptoms are also present in non-deployed military personnel, leading some to suspect other causes, including reactions to vaccine adjuvants. In summary, GWI is now a recognized constellation of symptoms of unclear etiology, also co-occurring with psychiatric disorders.