Human Leukocyte Antigen

Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)

Genes that are located in the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) of chromosome 6 and play a central role in immune recognition. Most investigations of association of HLA to various diseases have focused on evaluating HLA allele frequencies in diseases of interest, as compared to the general, healthy population. Such studies have demonstrated HLA involvement with cancer, autoimmune, and in- fectious diseases. HLA Class I proteins (HLA-A, B, C) are expressed on all nucleated cells and present peptides from endogenous proteins to cytotoxic T lymphocytes engaged in immune surveillance. HLA Class II proteins (HLA-DRB1, DRB3/4/5, DQB1, DPB1) are expressed on antigen-presenting cells and present peptides derived from exogenous proteins to CD4+helper T cells. A previous study of Gulf War syndrome in 27 veterans found that HLA DRB1*15 was more prevalent in cases than controls with an odds ratio of 1.66, although this association was not statistically significant.
in Gulf War Veterans: Association with Symptoms and Inflammatory Markers

Defense Technical Information Center - 2018-10-01James L
During the initial year of the grant period, the primary emphasis has been on obtaining regulatory approval for study procedures, training staff and building a data repository, and initial identification and recruitment of study participants. We have obtained all regulatory approvals, created a data repository, and completed 40 acquisitions, with several additional acquisitions scheduled. We will continue to recruit at an accelerated pace to meet our recruitment goals and have identified additional recruitment avenues to maximize outreach.