As many as a third of the nearly 700,000 military personnel deployed during Desert Shield and Desert Storm (Aug 2, 1990 to July 31, 1991) in the Kuwaiti Theater of Operations are suffering from GWI, an unexplained chronic illness characterized by multiple symptoms. Gulf War Veterans experienced environmental exposures that are known to be oxidative stressors which contribute to cell injury, resulting in mitochondrial dysfunction Exploratory studies using interventions that support cell functioning and prevent or repair stress mediators suggest a role for these targeted interventions, such as Coenzyme Q10. The goal of this clinical trial is to determine if Coenzyme Q10 is effective in increasing physical functioning for Veterans with Gulf War Illness.

This is a randomized, two group, double blind, placebo controlled, Phase III clinical trial. The treatment group will receive a (2x200 mg for 2 months and 1x200 mg for 4 months) once a day of ubiquinol for 6 months. The placebo group will receive matching placebo (2x200 mg for 2 months and 1x200 mg for 4 months) once a day of ubiquinol for 6 months. The primary outcome measure for this clinical trial is a change from baseline of SF-36, with respect to physical functioning and symptoms. The secondary outcome measures include changes from baseline of peripheral blood levels of biomarkers, and of
Gulf War Illness

Gulf War Illness (GWI)

Shortly after the Gulf War (1990^aEUR"91), veterans started to report a variety of health problems that began during, or soon after returning from, deployment, prompting investigation into the epidemiology and etiology of the complaints. Those investigations revealed that diffuse symptoms such as fatigue, musculoskeletal pain, mood and neurocognitive complaints, gastrointestinal problems, and rashes were most commonly reported. The constellation of symptoms, now commonly referred to as Gulf War Illness (GWI), has affected a substantial number of Gulf War veterans. Several population-based studies have demonstrated that these symptoms occur at significantly higher rates in deployed Gulf War veterans relative to their nondeployed peers and other veterans, raising the issue about possible in-theater exposures and stress as contributing factors. However, these symptoms are also present in non-deployed military personnel, leading some to suspect other causes, including reactions to vaccine adjuvants. In summary, GWI is now a recognized constellation of symptoms of unclear etiology, also co-occurring with psychiatric disorders.
-associated symptoms of chronic pain, fatigue, sleep issues, and cognitive impairment.