Apostolos P. Georgopoulos, MD PhD

Director,  Brain Sciences Center

Regents Professor, University of Minnesota

American Legion Brain Sciences Chair,  University of Minnesota

McKnight Presidential Chair in Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Minnesota

Professor of Neuroscience, Neurology and Psychiatry, University of Minnesota


Magnetoencephalography of brain function

Neural mechanisms of cognitive processes

Neurophysiology of motor control and cognition

Functional MRI of motor and cognitive processes


University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens, Greece

Publications links

2010-2015 | 2006-2009 | 2004-2005 | 2000-2003 | 1997-1999 | 1993-1996 | 1988-1992 | 1975-1987

Publications: 1988-1992

Links No. Reference


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60 Pellizzer, G., Massey, J.T., Lurito J.T., and Georgopoulos, A.P. (1992)
Three-dimensional drawings in isometric conditions: Planar segmentation of force trajectory.  Exp. Brain Res. 92: 326-337.


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59 Kim, S.-G., Ashe, J., Georgopoulos, A.P., Merkle, H., Ellermann, J.M., Menon, R.S., Ogawa, S. and K. Ugurbil (1993)
Functional imaging of human motor cortex at high magnetic field. J. Neurophysiol. 69: 297-302.


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58 Smyrnis, N., Taira, M., Ashe J. and Georgopoulos, A.P. (1992)
Motor cortical activity in a memorized delay task. Exp. Brain Res. 92: 139-151.

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57 Georgopoulos, A.P. (1992)
Motor cortex: A changing perspective. Exp. Brain Res. Suppl.  22: 175-183.


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56 Georgopoulos, A.P., Ashe, J., Smyrnis, N. and Taira, M. (1992)
Motor cortex and the coding of force. Science 256: 1692-1695.

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55 Georgopoulos, A.P. (1993)
Cortical representation of intended movements.  In: Neuroscience: From Neural Networks to Artificial Intelligence, P. Rudomin, M. A. Arbib, F. Cervantes-Pérez, R. Romo (eds.), Springer: New York, pp. 398-412.


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54 Massey, J.T., Lurito, J.L., Pellizzer, G. and Georgopoulos, A.P. (1992)
Three-dimensional drawings in isometric conditions. Exp. Brain Res. 88: 685-690.

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53 Georgopoulos, A.P. and Massey, J.T. (1991)
Biomedical program research: The primate motor system. Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest 12: 105-114.


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52 Lurito, J.T., Georgakopoulos, T. and Georgopoulos, A.P. (1991)
Cognitive spatial-motor processes. 7. The making of movements at an angle from a stimulus direction: studies of motor cortical activity at the single cell and population levels. Exp. Brain Res. 87: 562-580.


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51 Georgopoulos, A.P. and Ashe, J. (1991)
Cortical control of motor behavior at the cellular level. Current Opinion in Neurobiol. 1: 658-663.


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50 Georgopoulos, A.P. (1991)
Higher order motor control. Ann. Rev. Neurosci. 14: 361-377.


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49 Georgopoulos, A.P. and Lurito, J.T. (1991) 
Cognitive spatial-motor processes.  6. Visuomotor memory scanning. Exp. Brain Res. 83: 453-458.


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48 Massey, J.T., Drake R.A. and Georgopoulos, A.P.  (1991) 
Cognitive spatial-motor processes.  5. Specification of the direction of visually guided isometric forces in two-dimensional space:  Time course of information transmitted and effect of constant force bias.  Exp. Brain Res. 83: 446-452.


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47 Massey, J.T., Drake R.A., Lurito, J.T. and Georgopoulos, A.P. (1991)
Cognitive spatial-motor processes.  4. Specification of the direction of visually guided isometric forces in two-dimensional space: Information transmitted and effects of visual force-feedback. Exp. Brain Res. 83: 439-445.


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46 Georgopoulos, A.P. (1990)
Neural coding of the direction of reaching and a comparison with saccadic eye movements. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 55: 849-859.


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45 Taira, M., Mine, S., Georgopoulos, A.P., Murata, A. and Sakata, H. (1990)
Parietal cortex neurons of the monkey related to the visual guidance of hand movement. Exp. Brain Res. 83: 29-36.

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44 Georgopoulos, A.P. (1990)
Visual control of reaching.  In: Signal and sense: local and global order in perceptual maps.  G.M. Edelman, W.E. Gall, and W.M. Cowan (eds), New York: Wiley-Liss, pp. 209-231

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43 Georgopoulos, A.P. (1990)
Neurophysiology of reaching. In: Attention and Performance XIII, M. Jeannerod (ed), pp. 227-263.

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42 Georgopoulos, A.P.  (1990)
Eye-hand coordination and visual control of reaching: studies in behaving animals. In: Comparative Perception, Vol. I: Basic Mechanisms, M.A. Berkley and W.C. Stebbins (eds), New York: Wiley, pp. 375-403.

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41 Georgopoulos, A.P. (1989)
The cerebral correlates of reaching. In: Volitional Action. W.A. Hershberger (ed). Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 73-106.

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40 Georgopoulos, A.P. (1989)
Motor cortex and reaching. In: Neural Programming. M. Ito (ed). Tokyo: JSS Press, pp. 3-12.

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39 Georgopoulos A.P. and Grillner, S. (1989)
Visuomotor coordination in reaching and locomotion. Science 245: 1209-1210.


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38 Georgopoulos, A.P., Lurito, J.T., Petrides, M., Schwartz, A.B. and Massey, J.T. (1989)
Mental rotation of the neuronal population vector. Science 243: 234-236.


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37 Georgopoulos, A.P., Crutcher, M.D., and Schwartz, A.B.  (1989) 
Cognitive spatial motor processes. 3. Motor cortical prediction of movement direction during an instructed delay period.  Exp. Brain Res. 75: 183-194.


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36 Caminiti, R., Johnson, P.B., Urbano, A., Georgopoulos, A.P. and S. Zeger (1988) 
Callosal and association neurons in the cortical space: a spectral analysis approach. Beh. Brain Res. 30: 193-201.


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35 Georgopoulos, A.P. (1988)
Neural integration of movement: role of motor cortex in reaching.  FASEB J.  2: 2849-2857.


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34 Massey, J.T., Hovey, G.W., Schneider, W., Chubbuck, J.G. and A.P. Georgopoulos (1988)
A method for studying the control of three-dimensional isometric forces using dynamic stereogram. J. Neurosci. Methods 26:123-127.


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33 Kettner, R.E., Schwartz, A.B. and Georgopoulos, A.P.  (1988)
Primate motor cortex and free arm movements to visual targets in three-dimensional space. III. Positional gradients and population coding of movement direction from various movement origins. J. Neurosci. 8: 2938-2947.


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32 Georgopoulos, A.P., Kettner, R.E. and Schwartz, A.B. (1988)
Primate motor cortex and free arm movements to visual targets in three-dimensional space. II. Coding of the direction of movement by a neuronal population. J. Neurosci. 8: 2928-2937.


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31 Schwartz, A.B., Kettner, R.E. and Georgopoulos, A.P. (1988) 
Primate motor cortex and free arm movements to visual targets in three-dimensional space. I. Relations between single cell discharge and direction of movement. J. Neurosci. 8: 2913-2927.


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30 Georgopoulos, A.P. and Massey, J.T. (1988) 
Cognitive spatial motor processes. 2. Information transmitted by the direction of two-dimensional arm movements and by neuronal populations in primate motor cortex and area 5. Exp. Brain Res. 69: 315-326.


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29 Georgopoulos, A.P. (1988)
Spatial coding of visually guided arm movements in primate motor cortex. Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 66: 518-526.


Updated March 19, 2015